289 Hiawatha Ave

West Saint Paul, MB

Phone Number

(204) 333-9250

Water Well System
Water Well System

Well water is groundwater obtained by drilling a hole or well into the Earth’s surface to access a source of groundwater. Many homeowners have common problems with well water near Winnipeg and in surrounding areas. It is a natural source of water commonly found below the Earth’s surface and collected in aquifers, which are rocks or sediments that hold and transmit water.

What are some Key Features of a Well Water?

Well water characteristics can vary depending on a number of factors, including location, geology, and well depth. Here are some key characteristics of well water: 


Well water comes from underground aquifers, which are natural reservoirs of water stored in porous rocks or layers of gravel and sand.

Location-dependent quality: 

The quality and characteristics of well water can vary considerably from place to place. Indeed, the geological and environmental conditions surrounding the well affect the composition of the water.

Mineral content: 

Well water usually contains minerals that it obtains when it seeps into the ground. Common minerals found in well water include calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, and sulfur. Mineral content can give water a distinctive taste.


The pH of well water can vary but is generally in the neutral to slightly alkaline range. However, some well water may be slightly acidic or alkaline depending on local geological conditions.


Well water is generally considered hard water, meaning it contains high levels of calcium and magnesium ions. Hard water can cause scale buildup in plumbing and appliances.


Well water can be susceptible to contamination from a variety of sources, such as agricultural wastewater, industrial pollution and septic systems. Contaminants can include bacteria, nitrates, pesticides, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

Taste and Odor: 

Depending on the mineral content and any contaminants present, well water may have a distinct taste or odor. For example, a high sulfur content can lead to a “rotten egg” smell.


Well water may contain suspended particles or sediments, which can affect water clarity and need to be filtered or settled before use.

Testing and treatment: 

Regular well water testing is essential to ensure quality and safety. Treatment options may include filtration systems, water softeners, UV disinfection, and chemical treatment, depending on specific water quality issues.

Groundwater depth: 

The depth of the groundwater table at a well site can affect the availability and quality of water from the well. In times of drought, groundwater levels can drop, which affects the well’s water supply.

Pumping system: 

A well typically has a pump system that brings water to the surface and into a storage tank or distribution system for home or business use.

Drilling a Well

Is Well Water Safe to Drink?

The safety of well water for drinking depends on several factors, including the well water source, well location, and groundwater quality. Well water is often safe to drink, but it is important to take precautions and test the water regularly to ensure its safety. Here are some considerations: 

Well water sources: 

Well water sources, such as underground aquifers, can have a significant impact on the quality of the water. Deep protected aquifers are generally less susceptible to pollution than shallow wells.


Geological and environmental conditions around the well can affect water quality. Wells located near potential sources of contamination such as sewage treatment plants, agricultural wastewater, or industrial sites may be subject to higher pollution risks.

Water Testing: 

Regular water testing is important to determine the safety of well water. Testing reveals the presence of contaminants such as bacteria (such as E.coli), nitrates, heavy metals, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), pesticides, and other potential contaminants. The frequency of testing may vary depending on local regulations and recommendations, but annual testing is often recommended.

Treatment and Filtration: 

Depending on the results of the water test, treatment and filtration may be required to make the well water potable. Common treatment methods include chlorination, UV disinfection, reverse osmosis, and the use of water softeners.


Proper well maintenance is essential to prevent contamination. Regularly inspect and maintain the fountain body, cover and all gaskets to prevent surface water and pests from entering the fountain.

Local Regulations: 

Follow local regulations and guidelines for well water testing and treatment. Local health and environmental authorities often offer advice on well water safety.

Personal Health Issues: 

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in water, such as those with weakened immune systems. In such cases, additional precautions and treatments may be required.

What are some of the Well Water Concerns?

Concerns and anxieties about well water differ depending on the situation of each person. Common concerns and considerations are: 

Water Quality: 

One of the main concerns with well water is its quality. People are exposed to contaminants such as bacteria (e.g. E. coli), viruses, heavy metals (e.g. arsenic, lead), nitrates, pesticides and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can affect the safety and taste of water.

Inspection and Monitoring: 

Regular inspection and monitoring of well water is essential to ensure well water safety. People are concerned about when and how often their well water should be tested and how much it costs.

Treatment and Filtration: 

Depending on water quality, individuals may need to install a water treatment system or filtration equipment. Concerns may include not only the effectiveness of the system chosen, but also the cost of installation and maintenance.

Well Maintenance: 

Wells require regular maintenance to ensure proper functioning and to prevent contamination. People may be concerned about the costs and liabilities involved in maintaining wells.

Water Volume: 

The amount of water that a well can supply depends on factors such as location, well depth, and local water table. There may be concerns about water shortages and increased water demand during periods of drought.

Drought and Climate Change: 

As climate change weather patterns become increasingly unpredictable, people are concerned about how drought and changes in rainfall patterns will affect the water supply to wells.

Compliance with Laws and Regulations: 

Local ordinances and permit requirements may apply to private wells. People may be concerned about following these rules and the paperwork that accompanies them.

Environmental Impacts: 

Over-extraction of groundwater can lead to environmental impacts such as land subsidence and aquifer depletion. People may be concerned about the impact of their wells on the local environment and its sustainability.


Owning a private well has initial costs for drilling, installation and installation, as well as ongoing costs for testing, maintenance and possibly repairs. People may worry about these economic aspects.

Emergency Preparedness: 

In the event of a power outage or other emergency, people may worry about having access to clean water from their well, especially if the well relies on an electric pump.

Resale Value: 

For homeowners, the availability and quality of well water can affect the resale value of a property. There may be concerns about the quality of the well water which in turn may affect the property value.

Municipal Water Sources: 

In some cases, people are concerned about the availability and quality of city water sources and whether they should rely on private wells or connect to public water supplies.

For individuals who rely on well water, it is important to address these concerns through proper inspection, maintenance, and compliance with local regulations. Advice from a water quality expert or well specialist (affordablewatertreatments.com) can help alleviate many of these concerns and ensure well water is safe and reliable.

Water Testing
Water Testing

Positive Aspects of Well Water

Well water has several beneficial effects, especially in areas that provide a reliable and safe source of drinking water. Some of the key benefits are listed below.


Well water is often cheaper than municipal water. Drilling and maintaining a well usually does not incur monthly water bills.


Well Water gives homeowners more independence and control over their water supply. Not subject to water restrictions or supply interruptions that may affect municipal water users.

Quality Control: 

Private Wells allow homeowners to monitor and control water quality. Regular testing ensures that the water is safe to drink and can be used for various domestic purposes.

Taste and Odor: 

Well water often tastes good and is free of chlorine and other chemical tastes associated with treated municipal water. Many people like the taste of well water.

Mineral Content: 

Well water may contain beneficial minerals such as calcium and magnesium. These minerals contribute to the overall health benefits of water.

Reduced Environmental Impact: 

Civilian wells can reduce the environmental impact associated with large-scale water treatment and distribution systems. Compared to municipal water, treatment of well water uses less energy and chemicals.


In areas with high water tables or abundant groundwater resources, well water can be a sustainable source of fresh water. Not vulnerable to drought or other environmental factors that may affect surface water supplies.

Agriculture and Irrigation: 

Well water is often used for agricultural purposes and provides a reliable source of water for irrigating crops.

Emergency Preparedness: 

Well owners are equipped with an emergency water system, which is very useful in emergencies such as natural disasters or when the municipal water supply may be interrupted.

Reduced load on infrastructure: 

In rural areas, using well water reduces the load on community infrastructure and allows for the development of smaller communities without the need for large water supply systems.


For a free estimate call Affordable Water at 204 333-9250